Enel Plans U.S. Solar Panel Manufacturing Facility


Enrico Viale

Enel North America, by means of its affiliate 3Sun USA LLC, is constructing an industrial-scale manufacturing facility within the U.S. for the manufacturing of photovoltaic modules.

The proposed facility is predicted to have a minimal manufacturing capability of three GW, with the likelihood to scale manufacturing to six GW yearly.

“Recent policy tailwinds from the Inflation Reduction Act have served as a catalyst for our solar manufacturing ambitions in the U.S., ushering in a new era of made-in-America energy,” says Enrico Viale, head of Enel North America. “With this announcement, it is our intention to bolster a robust domestic solar supply chain that accelerates and strengthens the U.S.’ transition to clean energy. In doing so, we are creating thousands of new jobs, supporting local economies and providing stability to the solar industry.”

Currently, Enel is evaluating attainable websites for the brand new manufacturing unit and expects to start development in mid-2023. It’s anticipated that the primary panels will probably be obtainable to the market by the tip of 2024.  Fewer than 5 large-scale solar module manufacturing services (over 1 GW) are presently working within the U.S., whereas annual U.S. solar PV installations are projected to develop from 16 GW in 2022 to 41 GW by the tip of 2025, in response to Wood Mackenzie. 

Enel will leverage its experience and expertise from its 3Sun Gigafactory in Catania, Italy, which is ready to grow to be Europe’s largest manufacturing unit producing high-performance bifacial photovoltaic modules. Enel intends to duplicate the Gigafactory manufacturing unit within the U.S. to supply bifacial heterojunction (B-HJT) PV cells that seize extra daylight because the cells can reply to mild on each entrance and rear surfaces.

3Sun is already producing high-efficiency cells, breaking a document in 2020 by attaining 24.63% effectivity. Through a R&D program, the PV panels will probably be additional developed to additionally incorporate a tandem construction, which makes use of two stacked cells that enables for extra mild to be captured in comparison with single-cell constructions, yielding increased general cell effectivity. The mixture of bifacial PV panels and tandem cell construction presents important effectivity enhancements, which can allow PV modules to exceed 30% effectivity, securing increased common energy manufacturing. The expertise’s decrease degradation ensures an extended helpful life for modules, and the cells’ excessive density is conducive to a wide range of purposes, together with land-constrained utility-scale installations or rooftops.


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