U.S.-based solar cell manufacturing within the works through Enel North America

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By Chris Crowell November 17, 2022 Enel’s 3Sun Gigafactory in Catania, Italy.

The U.S. solar PV manufacturing bulletins hold rolling in — and this time solar cells are concerned. Enel North America, via its affiliate 3Sun USA, LLC, says it intends to construct an industrial-scale PV module manufacturing facility within the United States. The proposed facility is predicted to have a minimal manufacturing capability of three GW with the likelihood to scale manufacturing to six GW yearly and will likely be among the many first within the United States to revive solar cells manufacturing within the nation.

“Recent policy tailwinds from the Inflation Reduction Act have served as a catalyst for our solar manufacturing ambitions in the US, ushering in a new era of made-in-America energy,” mentioned Enrico Viale, head of Enel North America. “With this announcement, it is our intention to bolster a robust domestic solar supply chain that accelerates and strengthens the US’s transition to clean energy. In doing so, we are creating thousands of new jobs, supporting local economies and providing stability to the solar industry.”

Currently, Enel is evaluating doable websites for the brand new manufacturing unit and expects to start building in mid-2023. It’s anticipated that the primary panels will likely be accessible to the market by the tip of 2024 and that 1,500 new jobs will likely be created by 2025.

Enel will leverage its experience and expertise from its 3Sun Gigafactory in Catania, Italy, which is about to turn out to be Europe’s largest manufacturing unit producing high-performance bifacial photovoltaic modules. Enel intends to copy the Gigafactory manufacturing unit within the US to provide bifacial heterojunction (B-HJT) PV cells that seize extra daylight because the cells can reply to mild on each entrance and rear surfaces.

Fewer than 5 large-scale solar module manufacturing amenities (over 1 GW) are presently working within the US, whereas annual US solar PV installations are projected to develop from 16 GW in 2022 to 41 GW by the tip of 2025, in line with Wood Mackenzie.

3Sun expertise

3Sun is thought for high-efficiency cells, reaching 24.63% effectivity again in 2020. Through an bold R&D program, the PV panels will likely be additional developed to additionally incorporate a tandem construction, which makes use of two stacked cells that enables for extra mild to be captured in comparison with single-cell constructions, yielding greater total cell effectivity.

The mixture of bifacial PV panels and tandem cell construction gives vital effectivity enhancements, which is able to allow PV modules to exceed 30% effectivity, securing greater common energy manufacturing. The expertise’s decrease degradation ensures an extended helpful life for modules, and the cells’ excessive density is conducive to a wide range of purposes, together with land-constrained utility-scale installations or rooftops.

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Tags: home, Enel North America

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